World Malaria Day 2021 – Reaching the zero malaria target

World Malaria Day 2021 – Reaching the zero malaria target

This year, WHO and partners will mark World Malaria Day by celebrating the achievements of countries that are approaching – and achieving – malaria elimination. They provide inspiration for all nations that are working to stamp out this deadly disease and improve the health and livelihoods of their populations.

On 21 April, WHO will publish a new report highlighting successes and lessons learned among the “E-2020” group of malaria-eliminating countries. Despite the challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, a number of these countries reported zero indigenous malaria cases in 2020, while others made impressive progress in their journey to becoming malaria-free.

In the face of a dual threat of antimalarial drug resistance and COVID-19, countries of the Greater Mekong sub region have also made major strides towards their shared goal of elimination by 2030. In the 6 countries of the sub region, the reported number of malaria cases fell by 97% between 2000 and 2020. Malaria deaths were reduced by more than 99% in the same period of time.

Ahead of World Malaria Day, country leaders, front line health workers and global partners will come together in a virtual forum to share experiences and reflections on efforts to reach the target of zero malaria. The event will be co-hosted by WHO and the RBM Partnership to End Malaria on 21 April.

Symptoms of Malaria

Symptoms of Malaria is divided into two categories: Uncomplicated Malaria and Severe Malaria.
Uncomplicated Malaria

In uncomplicated malaria, the following symptoms progress through hot, cold, and sweating stages:

Sensation of cold with chills or shivering Headaches, fever and vomiting Sometimes, seizures occur Sweats, followed by a return to normalcy (in temperature) with fatigue or tiredness

Severe Malaria

If laboratory or clinical evidence points towards dysfunction of vital organ, it is severe malaria.

Severe malaria symptoms include:

Fever and shivers/chills Impaired consciousness Respiratory distress and deep breathing Multiple convulsions Signs of anemia and abnormal bleeding Evidence of vital organ dysfunction and clinical jaundice

Tips to Prevent Dengue Fever, Chikungunya and Malaria

While the Aedes mosquito (also referred to as ‘daytime’ feeder’) that spreads Dengue Fever and Chikungunya tends to be more active during the day, Anopheles mosquito that transmits Malaria bites mostly at night. Therefore, the most important measure that can be taken against these diseases is trying to avoid mosquito bites during the day as well as at the night.

Other preventive measures include:

  • Cover your arms and legs.
  • Wear light colored clothes.
  • Avoid traveling to areas with outbreaks of any one or all these three diseases.
  • Use mosquito repellents.
  • Fix mesh on windows and doors of the house to keep mosquitoes out.
  • Use mosquito nets over the beds.
  • To avoid bites Eliminating the sites that breed mosquitoes by emptying stagnant water from buckets, flower pots and barrels.
  • Keeping the surrounding areas free from garbage.

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